15/07/2019

What is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)?

What is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)?

Every family has its black sheep or a member who considerably differs from the others.
It seems clear that the current negative image of tetrahydrocannabinol (or THC) is the cause of the slowdown of the medical research involving the study of cannabis.

It is actually considered dangerous because of its active substances and that’s why all conservatives classify cannabis as a drug and promote its ban.

As often happens when chemistry is involved, this matter is very complex and needs in-depth studies and research. Recent studies have actually shown the real qualities of the plant and, of course, of its main compounds: THC and CBD.

The molecule: THC

Marijuana is a very ancient plant and has an amazing chemical history. In fact, Cannabinoids are just some of the 400 compounds that compose it.

THC, or delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, is one of the most important compounds as well as being a psychogenic substance which has several properties.

THC effects

The effects produced by cannabis consumption are several and few are due to THC. In fact, the compound reacts with our endocannabinoid system by stimulating the release of dopamine in some regions of our brain.

This neurotransmitter modulates individual behavior by regulating mood and sleep-wake rhythm, but also attention, voluntary movement and memory.

THC by binding to its receptors that produce, and release dopamine can cause sensations of pleasure and concentration, relief of pain and also stimulate appetite, but this depends also on the quantity consumed and on other factors.

“Getting high” feeling that induces fatigue, lethargy, laughter for no reason, is caused by THC.

THC has shown, through several studies, of being effective in the treatment of patients suffering from chronic pain and post-traumatic stress or it positively acts as an antiemetic and on disorders caused by Tourette Syndrome.

Regulation of THC consumption

THC has been censored because of its possible contraindications; this has slowly led towards a consumption regulation.

According to the Italian law n.242, approved in December 2016, the production and marketing of Light Cannabis is allowed only when the plant, considered legal, has a THC content that does not exceed 0.2%

Who governs and guides should more adequately and responsibly inform, but it is also true that… small steps can represent the beginning of a great path?

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